Ubuntu is an Open-Source operating system that is available to download on Ubuntu’s official website for free. Ubuntu is largely based on Debian distribution. There are numerous editions of Ubuntu available and it may create confusion among its prospective users. Apart from Desktop, Server, Cloud and IOT editions, Ubuntu is also available in different flavours depending on default desktop environments. You can even upgrade your existing Ubuntu OS to the latest version available.
Now, we will discuss a bit about different Ubuntu editions available:
There are two releases available – LTS and one that gets released every six months. LTS is an acronym for long-term support and with this release users don’t have to upgrade/install to a new release every nine months. LTS releases are support for a period of five years. Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS is the latest of those versions available at present and is supported till April 2023. The other version was released on April 18, 2019 and is supported till January 2020.
Ubuntu Server follows the Ubuntu Desktop release cycles. There is a Long-term Support (18.04.2) release supported till April 2023 and the other release Ubuntu 19.04 supported till January 2020. Ubuntu Server is targeted towards users who would use it for server management and related activities.
This version is available for those who are already using services of various Cloud platforms. If you want to use Ubuntu Cloud then, you have to sign up one of Ubuntu’s partner services. These services are offered by organizations like Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform etc. Ubuntu Cloud would be discussed in a separate article.
Ubuntu for IOT
IOT is an acronym for Internet of Things. Ubuntu for IOT is available for various platforms like Raspberry Pi, Intel NUC, Intel IEI Tank, Qualcomm Dragonboard 410C, Samsung’s Artik and Intel’s Joule.
Various Ubuntu flavours
There are seven different flavours available for Ubuntu distribution. They are:
C. Ubuntu Budgie
D. Ubuntu Kylin
E. Ubuntu Mate
F. Ubuntu Studio
Basic Ubuntu distribution is same for all the flavours. Default desktop environment is different for each of the mentioned Ubuntu flavours. Certain packages are installed for a specific flavour like Ubuntu Studio is targeted towards audio, video or graphic professionals while Ubuntu Kylin is built to cater requirements of users for China. Other Ubuntu flavours too are built accordingly.