In this article, we would discuss **pow() function in Python**. We can use either **exponentiation operator (**)** or **pow()** function to calculate powers. In other words, we can either use a operator or function to get the desired outcome.

First we discuss the exponentiation operator (**). We do **base**exp** to get the desired outcome. Hence, to calculate 2^{10}, we would issue the following –

>>> 2**10

It would return with the result –

1024

Similarly, to calculate 2^{-10} –

>>> 2**(-10)

The outcome would be –

0.0009765625

Similar results can also be achieved through **pow()** function. We need to call the **pow()** function and provide the relevant arguments. But, there is more to it. Either we can supply **pow()** with two arguments or three arguments. We will discuss each of these next –

## I. pow(base, exp) function (with two arguments)

**pow(base, exp)** function is equivalent to using **base**exp**. Earlier, we used 2**10. But, it can also be done through pow() –

>>> pow(2, 10)

This would return with –

1024

Or, 2**(-10) –

>>> pow(2, -10)

The output will be –

0.0009765625

## II. pow(base, exp[,mod]) function (with three arguments)

**pow(base, exp[,mod]) function** is equivalent to **base**exp%mod**. **mod** is here modulus. The rest of the calculation is self-explanatory. Modulus returns the remainder of a division. Here, when 1024 is divided by 10 then remainder comes out to be 4. Hence, the desired outcome from such a calculation is the remainder which is left. We will continue with the above mentioned examples –

>>> pow(2,10,10)

It would get us the result –

4

or, if we check it directly –

>>> 2**10%10

Similar result is achieved –

4

**In conclusion**, we have discussed pow() function in Python.

**Additional Info –**

We get a complex number if we switch to a negative base. Lets say we want to take the square root of -16

>>> pow(-16,0.5)

It would get us the result in form of an imaginary number –

(2.4492935982947064e-16+4j)

Although, we have discussed only couple of examples here. We would like you to try the **pow()** function with different combinations. It just helps us to have more clarity.